a popular card game with Civil War soldiers, is a form
of "All Fours" brought to America during colonial
times. It is also known as "Old Sledge" or "High
- 2 to 4. Four may play in two partnerships.
Deal - (Ace high) Each player receives 6 cards, 3
at a time. Dealer turns next card up; this is trump suit
(if jack, dealer scores 1 point). The player at left,
after looking at his hand must say "I stand"
or "I beg". To "stand" is to accept
the suit of the turn-up as trump, whereupon the play begins.
To "beg" is to pass the decision to the dealer.
The dealer may then say "take it" or "refuse".
"Take it" means the dealer accepts the turn-up,
whereupon the left opponent scores 1 point. "Refuse"
means the dealer rejects the turn-up. Thereupon he deals
a batch of 3 more cards to each hand, and makes a new
turn-up. And the same thing happens until a trump is decided.
Play - Once trump is decided, each player reduces
his hand (if necessary) to 6 cards by discarding excess
face down. Player on left of dealer makes opening lead.
The hands are played out in tricks. A hand, if able to
follow suit to a lead, must do so or play a trump card.
A trick is won by the highest trump card played or, if
no trump card was played, then highest cards of suit led.
The winner of a trick leads the next.
- The object of play is to win points in tricks-there
are, at most, 4 points:
High - the highest trump in play
Low - the lowest trump in play
Jack - the jack of trumps, scored by player who wins it
in a trick
Game - a plurality of points for high cards taken in tricks,
Each Ace - 4
Each King - 3
Each Queen - 2
Each Jack - I
there is only one trump in play, it scores 2 as both high
and low (or 3 if it is the jack). The point for game is
not counted if there is a tie for highest count. The first
player to win 7 points wins the game.
Hoyle's Games, by Henry F. Anners